Homage to you whose very joyful shining crown ornament, radiates a garland of light; who with your mirthful laughter of TUTTARE, subdue the demons and worldly gods.
from “Liberation from Sorrow, Praises and requests to the Twenty-one Taras.”
Unknown Artist - Mara’s Retinue, Folio from an Ashtasahasrika Prajnaparamita (The Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Verses), 11th century
Le lama rJe-grags rtod-pa lha-dbang grags-pa (détail)
Religieux entouré de mahasiddha
détrempe, peinture sur toile
(C) RMN-Grand Palais (musée Guimet, Paris) / Daniel Arnaudet
Jikaku-daishi Shôraigata no gan
bois doré, laque, métal
(C) RMN-Grand Palais (musée Guimet, Paris) / Philipp Bernard
Section Japon du musée Guimet
From Right to Left:
- 「成田山不動明王」「平のや徳兵衛 後ニ本朝丸綱五郎」
- 「伽羅童子」 Ichikawa Kuzo II (Ichikawa Danzō VI) as Doji Kyara (伽羅童子) at Ichimura Theater 1851/09
- Utagawa Kunisada (also known as Utagawa Toyokuni III) 三代歌川豊国
"Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on hemp, Nanbokuchô period (1336–92). Seated atop a white fox on a cloud held aloft by a pair of dragons is a young woman in fluttering, majestic raiment. She grasps a vajra sword in her right hand; in her left palm, she gently cradles a triad of sacred jewels.
The figure is a Japanese vision of Dakini, an ancient Hindu deity. According to Esoteric Buddhist texts, Dakini was originally a man-eating demoness transformed by the Buddha Mahavairocana (Dainichi Nyorai) into a powerful, life-engendering divinity. This icon embodies powers of fecundity that were invoked in imperial enthronement rituals as well as in personal contexts, and it is a telling example of medieval Japan’s complex interaction of Buddhism, Shinto kami worship, and Daoist yin-yang practices. The procreative power of the deity readily led to her assimilation with the ancient Shinto fox deity Inari, and to associations with another Hindu deity, Saraswati, who is associated with all that flows, from water to music.” Words and image MET Museum (Purchase, Friends of Asian Art Gifts, in honor of Wen C. Fong, 2000). This 14th century painting reveals the strong influence that Chinese and Indian religion and art had on the Japanese at the time.