英雄畫史 渓斎英泉 1836年頃
Greek Bronze Muscle Cuirass, c. 4th century BC
The muscle cuirass or heroic cuirass was cast to fit the wearer’s torso and styled to mimic an ideal male physique. These first appear in late Archaic Greece and became widespread throughout the 5th and 4th centuries BC.
This particular cuirass’ girth increases in the lower torso to make it possible for the man who wore this to ride a horse comfortably while still wearing his armor. Although the heavy muscle cuirass would have afforded sturdy protection, in practical terms it might have been too cumbersome, not to mention cost prohibitive, for regular use by an infantryman. The main purpose of the highly figured cuirass was to impress, and it was most likely reserved for military reviews and parades.
The cuirasses were cast in two pieces, the front and the back, then hammered. They were a development from the early Archaic bell-shaped cuirass, weighing about 25 pounds. Examples from the 5th century BC have been found in the tombs of Thracians, whose cavalrymen wore them. The earliest surviving depiction in Greek sculpture seems to be an example on a sculptural warrior’s torso found on the acropolis of Athens and dating around 470 – 460 BC. The muscle cuirass is also depicted on Attic red-figure pottery, which dates from around 530 BC and into the late 3rd century BC.
Vincenzo Onofri (active 1493 -1524) Bust of a Nobleman in Armour circa 1500 Terracotta gilded painted
Vincenzo Onofri (active 1493 -1524) Bust of a Nobleman in Armour circa 1500 Terracotta gilded painted Detail
Vincenzo Onofri (active 1493 and 1524) Bust of a Man in Armour circa 1500 Terracotta gilded painted
Edo period / Tokugawa era - lamellar armour, Japan.
Bear Paw Armor Cuprum Arm Guard, Indo Persian Islamic Empire Dynasty
The coat of stone armor was found in the tomb of the first Qin emperor, Qin Shihuangdi (d. 221 BCE), and is currently on display in the Museum of the Terracotta Warriors in Xian, Shaanxi, China. It may have been a burial or ceremonial suit for an important person [Credit: Xinhuanet] (via The Archaeology News Network: New stone armour found in the tomb of China’s first emperor)