Οbstetrical manikins (1890) for midwives’ training
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Edo-period medical illustration (1603-1868)
Anatomical illustrations, late 17th century
These illustrations are from a late 17th-century document based on the work of Majima Seigan, a 14th-century monk-turned-doctor. According to legend, Seigan had a powerful dream one night that the Buddha would bless him with knowledge to heal eye diseases. The following morning, next to a Buddha statue at the temple, Seigan found a mysterious book packed with medical information. The book allegedly enabled Seigan to become a great eye doctor, and his work contributed greatly to the development of ophthalmology in Japan in the 16th and 17th centuries.
The human body and skeleton from the De Arte Phisicali et de Cirurgia by John Arderne, Latin manuscript, 15th Century.
A physician’s handbook of practical medicine, with notes on medical astrology, blood-letting & uroscopy (16th Century).